Leo Tolstoy was a Russian writer who's regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time. He received multiple nominations for Nobel Prize in Literature every year from 1902-1906, and nominations for Nobel Peace Prize in 1901, 1902 and 1910; his miss of the prize is a major Nobel prize controversy.
Born to an aristocratic Russian family in 1828, he's best known for the novels War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877), often cited as pinnacles of realist fiction. He first achieved literary acclaim in his twenties with his semi-autobiographical trilogy: Childhood, Boyhood, and Youth (1852–1856), and Sevastopol Sketches (1855), based upon his experiences in the Crimean War.
Tolstoy's fiction also includes dozens of short stories, several novellas and plays, and numerous philosophical essays.